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If your child has anemia, it is likely that he will feel very fatigued and tired, and will have a lot of headaches. These are the first symptoms of a lack of iron in your body. How to avoid and fight anemia? Well, with a good diet that contains foods rich in iron.
Iron is a mineral necessary for blood production and the functioning of vital organs. Each red blood cell contains iron in its hemoglobin, which is the molecule that carries oxygen to the tissues of the lungs. Red blood cells are necessary to carry oxygen throughout the body. A lack of iron causes cells and tissues to receive less oxygen, affecting their functioning, and we call this anemia, which is a very common nutritional deficiency in children.
There is nothing better to avoid childhood anemia than a good, varied, and balanced diet. Iron is a mineral that is abundant in beef, poultry, and fish. In addition, iron that comes from animal products is better absorbed than iron from plant products, which, although in smaller amounts, is also present in some foods. In general, the richest sources of iron are found in foods such as:
- Meat Beef, lamb, and other red meats are very rich in iron.
- Eggs Each egg contains 1 mg of iron. Therefore, they are very beneficial to avoid anemia.
- Seafood. Shell shellfish such as mussels, clams, oysters, and cockles, are rich in iron.
- Fish.Fish also helps in the prevention of anemia, as it contains iron. Some of the fatty fish like salmon, tuna and sardines, are highly recommended.
- Viscera. Beef liver, gizzards, as well as heart, also contain high amounts of iron, although their fat theory is higher.
- Legumes: beans, lentils, chickpeas and soy should not be missing in the diet for a child with anemia.
- Nuts: Peanuts and walnuts are great foods in the fight against anemia.
- Vegetables: peas, broccoli, cauliflower and beets ... are vegetables rich in iron. In addition, they contain vitamin B12 and folic acid, nutrients that help to recover from anemia. All dark green leafy vegetables they are also highly recommended. Spinach, for example.
- Fruits: Grapes, mangoes, grapes, apples ... are ideal fruits to treat anemia in children.
As important as the food that we put in our mouth, is its form of absorption. Iron absorption is more effective when it is ingested in the same digestion with ascorbic acid or citric acid. Vitamin C, found for example in orange and lemon, improves the absorption of iron from food.
According to some experts on the subject, some types of infusions, as well as cow's milk in the same digestion, can inhibit the absorption of iron. For this reason, when eating a good steak, for example, accompany it with an orange juice or a whole fruit and avoid dairy products (cheese, yogurts, custards, custards ...) in the same meal.
The first step to prevent anemia in babies is to prevent the pregnant mother from suffering from a lack of iron and, therefore, anemia. To know if a pregnant woman has anemia, it is only necessary to carry out a blood test, through periodic prenatal controls.
When the baby is born, the new mother must also take care of her health to ensure breastfeeding, at least during the first 6 months of her little one's life. In cases of artificial lactation, infant milk formulas incorporate an iron supplement to feed the baby. From that moment on, the control of iron in the baby's bloodstream is done only through feeding.
Achieving an adequate, balanced and nutrient-rich diet is an essential basis for the good growth and development of the baby. For this diet to be complete, proteins, carbohydrates and fats, as well as vitamins and minerals, should not be lacking in the baby's diet.
In the cases of premature babies, it is advisable to use an iron supplement as prevention, whenever the pediatrician sees it necessary. Another important measure would be to periodically rule out the existence of intestinal parasites through a routine stool analysis. Pediatric control in these cases is more than necessary.
- American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)
You can read more articles similar to Foods against childhood anemia, in the category of Childhood Diseases on site.