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Childhood dyslalias are alterations in the pronunciation of some or some phonemes either due to the absence or alteration of some specific speech sounds or due to the substitution of these for others. These alterations attract attention when they last beyond four years, since until then they appear very frequently and are part of children's language acquisition when they learn to speak.
The psychopedagogue Ana Carballal, specialist in Early attention, establishes in this interview what the normative aspects related to the learning of the language of the language and what can make us suspect a childhood dyslalia in children from the age of 4.
What is infantile dyslalia?
Dyslalia occurs when children are learning to speak, it is an inability to learn certain phonemes and be able to reproduce them. It occurs when a child is unable to correctly pronounce speech sounds, which are seen as normal according to their age and development. A child with dyslalia usually substitutes one letter for another, or does not pronounce consonants. For example: it says mai instead of corn, and tes instead of three.
How can dyslalia be detected in children?
They are children who have difficulties learning certain phonemes and then what they cause are errors of omitting the phoneme or replacing it with another because they cannot pronounce it. Normally they tend to be normal developmental errors, which all children cause when they are learning to speak, but in the case of dyslalia these errors remain for longer than is expected for their age of development and growth. So we talk about dyslalia that can appear between 3 and 5 years, but usually it is not usually diagnosed until four years for this reason.
What characteristics do children with dyslalia present?
Dyslalias are the most common and known of all language disorders. Children make a series of errors in the articulation of speech sounds (such as substitution, distortion, omission or addition) at the beginning, in the middle or at the end of words, both in their colloquial language and in the repetition of those sounds when given a word model that contains them, they are usually more than four years old and generally, there is no evidence or diagnosis of hearing loss, neurological disorders, mental deficiency, or language change.
What are the most common dyslalias in children?
Functional dyslalia is usually the one we see most in children who are learning to speak and refers to the fact that there is no physical disability to learn that phoneme, simply that children do not know the point and mode of articulation of the phoneme, but there is nothing that physically prevents you from pronouncing it.
What pronunciation errors are the most recurrent in children?
The most frequent dyslalias are usually sigmatism, which is to mispronounce the phoneme 's', they are the children that we see who lisp beyond what is expected. Rotacism, which would be the failure in the 'r' phoneme, lambdacism, which is the defect in the 'l' phoneme, deltacism, which are problems with very similar phonemes that are 'b' and 'p' or with the 'd' and the 't'.
From what age is it advisable to take the child to the speech therapist?
If we see that the pronunciation errors do not disappear at 4 years of age, we should consult a speech therapist and before the age of 4, if we see that they are errors that cause the child to be misunderstood or that make this interfere in your ability to communicate or is interfering in other areas, we should also consult.
You can read more articles similar to Infant dyslalia in children from 4 years of age, in the Language category - On-site speech therapy.