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The meningitis it is the inflammation of the meninges (membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord) secondary to an infection. It's an infection serious of the Central Nervous System, which could endanger the life of the child or leave sequelae (deafness, etc.).
Most of the meningitis They are caused by the action of a virus or bacteria, but they can also appear related to fungi, poisoning and some medications.
Symptoms of meningitis in children it is different than in babies. In young children the symptoms are: fever, refusal of food, irritability, drowsiness, vomiting, while in older children they usually have severe headache, eye discomfort, in addition to irritability, drowsiness and vomiting. Seizures are observed in 40% of cases.
As the disease progresses a stiff neck, skin spots, generalized infection and it can lead to coma in the most severe cases.
Meningitis is caused by a bacterium that spreads to the child's brain through the blood. A child can get the disease after having an infection in another part of the body, such as the ear, nose, or throat.
You can also get it after suffering a head injury. These bacteria can catch from one person to another. As for the other meningitis, different viruses can cause it.
The most common viruses enter through the mouth, multiply in the body, and are shed through stool. Dirty hands can carry the virus and pass it to someone else. The virus that cause aseptic meningitis can be transmitted up to weeks after the infection has passed.
Vaccination is very important to prevent this serious infection, especially in children under 2 years of age. Every child with suspected meningitis should have a procedure called lumbar puncture From which the Cerebrospinal Fluid is obtained, which is found between the membranes or meninges and is in charge of nourishing the components of the Central Nervous System (brain, cerebellum, bulb, spinal cord).
In this way, the diagnosis is made, the etiology established Bacterial or Viral, according to the chemical characteristics and culture of said liquid. Once it is obtained, the appropriate antibiotic treatment should be started as soon as possible to avoid complications and subsequent sequelae. Measurements must be taken prophylactic in close contacts according to the type of germ found.
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