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In my exercise I have come across adolescents and children with dyslexia who do not enjoy learning. It is difficult for them to understand what is written and the disorder makes them have a hard time in front of books. Therefore, I propose 4 effective study techniques, some keys when it comes to helping children study, which will help all the little ones who suffer from this disorder.
I fondly remember when my school soccer coach specified the following to me: “Look, now working on your goalkeeper weaknesses is going to mean a double effort. For this reason, what we will try to do is work on your strengths; because it is more feasible to improve what you already have advanced than to wear ourselves out with what it already costs you ”.
And it is symbolic to remember that objective because some time later, researching and reflecting on the training of adolescents, I found the same principle. It is better to enhance someone's abilities or strengths than to focus on weaknesses, because this way you make sure not only that you achieve the achievements that you can set yourself; Rather, you internally empower the young person who seriously wants to achieve these goals. That feeling of achievement is essential for the adolescent to appreciate himself and to generate a much more sustained training.
Why this reflection? It happens that in my work I have come across this recurrent phenomenon in education and that it's dyslexia. What's more, the news of the different media and the speed of this has intensified the diagnosis, realizing that within a room there may be several children with this disorder.
Remember that this consists of an alteration in reading ability, causing confusion in the order of letters, syllables or words. That is, a young man with this ability encounters difficulties when reading any text, which complicates the study.
What to do? I remember my coach and immediately think of the strengths offered by the young man who shows me that he suffers from dyslexia. That is, I seek to generate certain strategies which are designed to enhance their strengths. These would be the following:
1. If reading makes it difficult for you, try to improve your hearing
An example is to record the classes and, after listening to them, explain in your own words what the subject consisted of. That is, enhance the ear and voice of the young. The ability to explain any topic with one's words enhances understanding, but it also delves into much more complex skills such as the own elaboration of an argument or even the ability to criticize a specific topic.
2. Promote study groups
On the same side, study groups are a good possibility. Of course, these must have the characteristic of being purely oral, that is, that the respective contents are discussed and discussed. Listening to an equal and exchanging opinions on a subject precisely allow them to have a better command of their knowledge.
3. Reduce study times
In general, the young dyslexic is accompanied by an attention deficit, so it is necessary to design brief and concise study moments that are attractive to him. Psychology and advances in neurology and neuroscience have shown us that our brain manages to maintain a maximum concentration of forty-five minutes. A young person who has this condition, therefore, is recommended to design study moments that are 20 to 25 minutes in length, and then clear or rest for 10 minutes.
The aim is to make studying enjoyable, not a tedious exercise that means long work. This idea must also be projected in the study groups, because they allow the young person to maintain the same rhythm of work.
4. Build mind maps with images
Another attractive strategy is to design mind maps, where the images are the protagonists of the content, instead of the letters. That enhances the kinesthetic, that is, it experiments with our body - in this case with our hands - which allows a much longer learning than others.
There are others, but the objective is the same: go strengthening the strengths and place the young person in a context where he feels comfortable and pleased. Remember that when you feel happy with what you are doing and feel that the task is pleasant, performance increases and inner happiness is more palpable.
In the same way, my coach managed to enhance my reflexes and ability to reduce myself as a soccer goalkeeper, because he noticed that I was quick and impulsive when it came to throwing me at the ball to avoid a conquest. From there, my self-esteem in front of this sport changed and it allowed me to transfer this experience to my classroom and my own training.
You can read more articles similar to 4 Study Skills for Kids with Dyslexia to Enjoy Learning, in the On-site Learning category.