Language - Speech Therapy

When the 3-year-old does not speak

When the 3-year-old does not speak


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The acquisition of the first words is one of the most relevant events in the development of the child. But, What if the child is 3 years old and still not speaking? On our site we will see some of the possible causes and solutions.

It is important that in each of the periodic check-ups with the pediatrician, you expose your doubts and concerns about your child's language and speech. He will know how to guide you on what to do.

In addition, here are some aspects that may indicate that your child has a delay in the language area.

- Your child does not emit phrases spontaneously, only associated with acts or in imitation.

- Repeat sounds and words, but does not use oral language to communicate.

- Does not use oral language to express his needs.

- Has Difficulty following simple instructions.

- It's hard to understand what he's saying.

If your child presents any of these aspects, contact a language specialist for a thorough evaluation.

There are different aspects that can cause alterations in children's language development:

- Alterations of the orofacial system, such as a short lingual frenulum, which will limit the production of certain phonemes.

- Hearing impairment. This causes the child not to have feedback, so it can cause a delay in this area.

- Frequent otitis.

- Little stimulation from the environment.

- Anticipation or indifference to the demands of the child.

To be able to intervene in this pathology, it is necessary in the first place, to carry out a thorough evaluation. The aspects to be evaluated are the following:

- Level of understanding.

- Capacity for spontaneous expression.

- Use of non-verbal language as a substitute for verbal language: gestures.

- Their ability to articulate the sounds of speech.

- Ability to auditory discrimination of phonemes.

- Comprehensive assessment of the organs of speech: tongue, lips, cheek, palate ...

Once this is done, the speech therapist will plan the intervention focused on the needs of each child in order to treat them appropriately.

The prognosis is variable, depending on each case, although it is usually favorable. However, it is important to bear in mind that they are children who may have learning difficulties, mainly related to the area of ​​reading and writing. Thus, It is important to intervene early to avoid possible later complications.

As in all pathologies, the involvement of the family is essential. Therefore, it is important that parents participate actively in the child's treatment process. Some important aspects are the following:

- Encourage dialogue in everyday life situations.

- Attend the demands of the child. In this way, you will be motivated to continue using the language.

- Do not anticipate what the child wants to say. Let him express himself autonomously.

- Provide the child with suitable speech models.

- Use the game to stimulate the child's language.

If you suspect that your child may have a language delay, do not hesitate to contact your nearest speech therapist. He will know what to do!

You can read more articles similar to When the 3-year-old does not speak, in the Language category - On-site speech therapy.


Video: Overview of possible causes and types of problems in speech development (May 2022).


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