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A book can become your child's best ally. It is never too early to introduce stories into children's lives. Long before to know how to readBabies can relate to books, as they are capable of hearing, seeing and feeling (they feel even before they are born, according to specialists).
Since they are born, children's curiosity develops and through the senses it is discovered how curiosity and taste for books and their stories is generated and increased. Take your children into the world of reading!
Babies are born with primary needs for affection, sleep, food ... and are also born with a need for stories. They need stimulation towards the word, both oral and written, with the adult as an accomplice. The sooner babies are introduced to these stimuli, the better. From the time they are in the cradle, it is convenient to contribute thoughts and words through songs, lullabies, body games and the telling of small stories.
Before the age of three, the mother-child or father-child relationship creates very special situations for language development. If this happens from the beginning, it has enormous advantages in the later development of the child. We do not know what they understand but we can know what they prefer. And they all want stories, special words, sound, whatever their meaning! To babies, from the outset, we can speak to them in three different ways:
- With the language of facts, of the acts, of the situations, of the everyday. It is the language we normally use when we dress it, feed it, love it.
- With the language of the story, which has the same ability to communication of the written language. We use this language when counting, singing, reciting. He is not so interested in the contents as in the sound of the words. With this language, everyday language develops.
- With the language of silence, necessary so that he can internalize what we are communicating to him, and be able to respond to stimuli.
The evolution of interests and abilities in young children is exceptionally rapid in their first years of life. The child's first contact with the book is an act of sensory exploration. He likes to bring it to his mouth, look at it, touch it, throw it, catch it with his hands, manipulate it and discover it. Around the first year, a baby is able to recognize his parents through a photograph, and will also be able at this age to recognize familiar objects represented in illustrations in books.
These are your first steps in the reading initiation process. Language acquisition occurs between 10 and 30 months, this being a period of intense intellectual conquest for the child to walk towards their autonomy. By the age of two, most children use literary conventions: repetitions of words, formulas for beginning and ending stories, changing the tone of the voice, etc. All these advances will undoubtedly be increased in those children who have heard many stories told. All of this encourages us to start telling and playing with stories as soon as possible.
Books are an instrument of culture that promote learning and allow the child develops his capacity for attention and expression, knows the world around him and expands his vocabulary. From the outset, books are an excellent means of communication between adult and baby. With a book in hand, the adult talks, looks, caresses and establish a loving relationship with the child. Reading, on the other hand, is an act where affection plays a prominent role. It has to offer the child moments of great affection, which make him relate the act of reading with personal satisfaction.
For this reason, the role of parents is essential to get the books and their stories to them. Parents can relate what is in books with what the child knows, with what he likes, with what satisfies him and needs. The family is therefore a determining element in the development of the child's reading habit, especially if we take into account that children imitate role models. It is very important that parents count, read aloud, and become definitive references of their children's reading habit.
Teresa Corchete Sánchez. Fundación Germán Sánchez Ruipérez Round of books: program to promote reading with children from 9 months to 3 years of age International Children's and Youth Book Center
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