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Breastfeeding is the best food that exists for babies, it is the most balanced and healthy, since it contains all the necessary nutrients for their proper development and growth. For something, the World Health Organization, recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the baby up to 6 months and together with complementary feeding up to 2 years.
However, breast milk is not only the best way to feed the baby, but several studies have also shown that it prevents against some diseases and protects the baby against certain allergies.
According to various studies and investigations, children who have been breastfed have less likely to have both skin and food allergiess. In particular, it has been shown to reduce the risk of atopic dermatitis and allergy to cow's milk protein, so common in childhood.
Colostrum, that whitish liquid that precedes breast milk, is highly beneficial for the newborn, since it contains a substance that forms a protective layer on the mucous membranes of the baby's intestines, nose or throat, which are prone areas to the attack of viruses and bacteria. Many mothers doubt whether their babies will be well fed for the first few moments, as colostrum is not usually abundant, but is widely recommended by doctors because of the great amount of nutrients, vitamins and defenses that it has for the baby.
Breast milk provides antibodies that help the baby defend itself against certain viruses, bacteria, or infections. In addition, it lengthens the period of immunity of the baby. It has been shown that exclusively breastfed babies during their first months of life significantly reduce the possibility of respiratory diseases such as asthma.
In any case, if they exist family history of eczema and allergies in the family, it is good to discuss with the pediatrician the implications for the subsequent feeding of the baby. Choosing the right time to introduce solid foods in general, as well as some specific foods, can help prevent some allergies.
There is also some evidence that babies exposed to certain airborne allergens (such as dust mites and cat dander) have less chance of developing allergies related to those triggers. This is known as the 'hygiene hypothesis' and arose from the observation that babies on farms tend to have fewer allergies than babies growing up in more sterile environments. Once allergies have developed, treating them and carefully avoiding things that cause reactions can prevent allergies in the future.
You can read more articles similar to Breastfeeding is the best prevention against allergies, in the category of Childhood Illnesses on site.